Singing a song in your head prior to actual performance might be counterproductive — ScienceDaily


Although it is easy to hear the singer’s bad voice, the reason for this inaccuracy may not be heard.

According to researchers at the University of Buffalo, before the vocalization, when the singer makes a song on their head, the silence of the face and throat, the preparatory muscle movement may make them out of control.

Their research in the journal Psychophysiology was published online in October 2018 and finally published in March 2019. This is the first time that evidence has been presented indicating sub-acoustic, auditory imagery and poverty. The relationship between singing.

Based on electronically monitored data on these almost imperceptible movements, these findings have implications both inside and outside the music and music teaching arena and provide valuable insights into cognitive domains that are not fully understood.

Inaccurate singing is largely a mystery. People who have difficulty in accurately singing do not seem to hear the tone relationship or control the pitch when speaking. So why is it difficult to find the correct pitch when singing?

"It seems that there may be a problem that they associate musical perception with a sports program that needs to sing," said Peter Pfordresher, a professor of UB psychology and co-author of Tim Pruitt. Dr. UB candidate, and Andrea Halpern, a professor of psychology at Bucknell University. “Basically this means moving the sound into their minds and turning it into a finely tuned muscle movement that we have to participate in.”

Enter an auditory image. The singer creates these auditory images when they hear the tunes they are about to sing in their heads. This is different from watching singing, where trained singers read notes from written scores.

When creating an auditory image, the singer will silently sound, just like starting the pump to prepare the song. More than just a psychological process, sub-acoustic involves the involvement of specific muscles around it.

"Affinity is a mechanism that helps guide thinking and assist with cognitive processing," Pruitt said. “One way to think about secondary vocalization is to consider a child learning to read. They are not obviously vocal, but they are participating in certain cognitive-related movements.”

For participants in this study, the harder the task, the louder the voice.

Mission difficulty may help this relationship, but Pfordresher said that infrasound action may be a counterproductive strategy. If these actions are related to the difficulty of the task, he said that the goal of improving accuracy is to make people better imagine the sound, but if it is the latter, then the treatment will involve reducing the secondary vocalization.

"By better understanding the reasons for playing bad tones, something can be done," Pfordresher said. “Singing suppresses the level of stress hormones; it builds communities, especially for older people who have experienced social isolation; in young children, music participation seems to be related to broader cognitive abilities.”

Voice is also good, especially when learning the tone of Mandarin.

The study involved 46 inexperienced musicians who were provided with visual and auditory image tasks to directly compare the two and determine whether the secondary utterance was a general result of the imagination or only related to the auditory image.

To this end, the researchers showed the participants the melody, giving them time to imagine it and then letting them imitate. The visual task continues along the same process, but the image is a novel object that does not actually exist and must be described by the participant.

Each participant is connected to a myoelectric monitor to capture motion that characterizes the infrasound. The results verify that the auditory image involves infrasound pronunciation, and the process is usually not a matter of mental activity.

According to the author

this is a breakthrough in itself.

"When we start this work, we don't find anything," Pfordresher said. “Even a researcher using electromyograms to study facial movements during singing is questionable.

"We found them to be successful," he said.


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